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Database for accidents with hazardous materials or dangerous goods

Accidents involving hazardous materials may have serious consequences for people, the environment and property. So, reducing the incidence of such accidents is very important. One way of doing so is to investigate the causes of previous accidents- the information obtained is used to prevent history from repeating itself by formulating lessons learned or recommendations and to improve emergency response in future accidents.

At the end of the seventies TNO created FACTS, a database containing information about (industrial) accidents involving hazardous materials which caused, or could have caused, severe damage and danger.
The information stored in FACTS is often obtained from professional sources, such as accident reports made by companies, government agencies (such as CSB, NTSB, NRC, MARS, ARIA, ZEMA), or from publications in technical periodicals and other literature. Of course, information from a number of sources is confidential. This information is treated with strict anonymity.

FACTS is the most comprehensive database of its kind available on the market today. It contains more than 25,700 descriptions of accidents with hazardous materials. All accidents recorded in FACTS are coded in abstracts so as to make the data available for the purposes of risk and safety management, risk analyses, damage prevention, training and emergency response.
The accidents retrieved from FACTS are presented on three different informational levels. The first level is the 'accident table' containing an overview of the main features of the selected accidents. The second level is the 'accident abstract', containing coded identification and a description of the accident. The third and last level is the 'extended abstract' which, if available, contains the complete textual information about the accident.

train accident

The database contains more than 24,100 descriptions of accidents involving hazardous materials

  • Accident prevention by analyzing former accidents
  • Learning from previous accidents with hazardous materials in order to improve the safety of chemical processes and emergency response
  • Research on safety methods, accident mechanisms, equipment, reaction of chemicals, emergency response and cost reduction
  • Investigating the risks that are involved with the handling of hazardous
  • Collecting the necessary information to obtain permits from government authorities


  • Safety and environmental managers in the chemical, petrochemical and energy sectors
  • Safety and environmental consultants
  • Engineering companies
  • Companies storing, transporting and transferring goods
  • Insurance companies
  • Authorities and emergency response organizations
  • Fire brigades and safety training centres
  • Universities and colleges of advanced technology (chemical engineering)
  • Research institutes

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